AUTHOR: Gisela H. Kreglinger
PUBLISHER: Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2016, (272 pages).
In Kreglinger's words, Part One is the "sustenance" and Part Two is "sustainability." The five chapters in "Sustenance" go back to the biblical significance of wine; the history of the perceptions of wine in the Church; the use of wine in the Lord's Supper; how wine is used in feasting; and the way wine can help us pay attention to life in general. There are lots of references to wine in the Bible. According to scholars, there are 810 occurrences of "wine" in the Old Testament, and 169 occurrences in the New Testament. In the Ancient Near East, wine is considered one of the three most important food groups; the other being bread and olive oil. From the Bible, we see wine being received as a gift. From the history of the Church, wine has been a source of controversy. With the second century suspicions over the connection between wine and vice, many had to defend the use of wine provided it does not lead to drunkenness. In fact, in the twelfth century, the biggest producers of wine were the monasteries! During and after the Reformation, many monasteries were closed and wine production curtailed. People like Luther, Calvin, Knox, and Zwingli all had to come out to affirm wine as a gift rather than a source of vice. In terms of the use of wine in the Communion ritual, the controversial became more theological as different parties debated on the status of wine and Christ. Yet, understanding it properly will push Gnosticism out the door. Wine can bring communities together through pleasure and enjoyment. It can also help cultivate our attentiveness in engaging our various senses.
In Part Two, Kreglinger brings us back from a nostalgic past into the contemporary reality. She presents us with a challenge to make a choice on the subject of wine, insisting that there is no "neutral ground." She interviews individual vintners who are also practicing theologians to learn how their faith had shaped their wine making endeavors, such as enjoyment and community engagement. She learns about how caring for the soils and the land is essential for good grapes. The scope of experience from the interviewees is breath-taking. There are reflections from both the Old and New World Wine countries. The interesting point is not the difference between them but the similarity they have in wanting their wine to represent the best of the land and their identities. At some point, readers will realize that appreciating wine is not about achieving some tangible objectives but more about lingering in wonder and gratitude. For wine making is a craft that can be mysterious in many ways. Learning to enjoy wine need not be any different. Wine making is also not a stagnant exercise. There is tremendous opportunity to be creative not only in production but also in creativity. The chapter on "Technology, Spirituality, and Wine" is a must read for those of us interested in the intersection of work, faith, and technology. Kreglinger cautions on some of the damaging aspects of globalization such as "homogenization of taste" which can unwittingly eliminate the uniqueness of each type of wine. Toward the end, readers find themselves back to the garden metaphor where God is the gardener and the Church is the vineyard. Gradually, we are reminded that in our world of consumption, we are equally called to be producers. Sustainability is not about non-stop consumption but a respectful rhythm of producing, consuming, recycling, and redeeming.
Author and vintner, Gisela Kreglinger shares her theological reflections on the topic of wine, something that she grew up with. After all, she grew up in a winery. One of her deepest passions is to help those working in the wine industry to connect their work with their faith. With penetrating insights and her theological observations, plus a keen understanding of the wine making process, Kreglinger is well poised to write about wine in a way that very few of us are even able to do. Using wine as a lens into the workings of God to connect people with creation, this book contains lots of moments for reflection. Like wine tasting, every page is an opportunity to get a sense of the type of wine; to pause for a good sniff before the sip; to take in the aroma and the taste. Not to be gulped down like a glass of water, Kreglinger is showing us that just like wine, spirituality can also be enjoyed. Far too often, Christians can see their faith in terms of things to do; activities to accomplish; or disciplines to follow. With this book, we are reminded once again to be like Mary, that as we take the time to appreciate the history, to give thanks for the people behind the great wines of today, and to simply enjoy the wine. In doing so, we are cultivating a sense of enjoying God for who He is.
Kreglinger grew up in a Bavarian winery, complete with childhood duties and chores of a vineyard. The family is Lutheran and religious rituals were a norm. That is why she is able to see the wine in a communion cup far beyond mere drink. She sees the hard work needed to grow the grapes, the process the wine, to keep the wine vats clean, to prepare and to preserve the wine into its consumable state. As a theologian, she is able to weave into the subject of wine with theology and to tackle the subject of wine from a spiritual perspective. She hopes to bring this subject into discussion to see the link between wine, the Church, the Christian faith, and how it relates to everyday living and drinking! This project involves interviews and conversations with 30 vintners from the many wine-growing lands such as Rheingau and Franconia (Germany); Napa and Sonoma valleys (California, USA); Burgundy (France); and Willamette Valley (Oregon, USA). Broadly speaking, the vineyards in France and Germany are considered the "Old Wine World" while the ones in the USA are considered "New Wine World." As one with such a rich wine background, the author was also spurred by a desire to inculcate deeper spirituality into the perspective of wine and wine drinking. This can help workers in the vineyards to connect work and faith. It can also help Christians at large to recover a vision of God's creative beauty in the very everyday symbols of life. Kreglinger calls it "relational anthropology" which is how we relate to God, to one another, and to the rest of creation. By having a proper understanding of spirituality, we will avoid falling into dualism, which is a separation of the material from the spiritual. With spirituality, we integrate rather than differentiate. Thus, this book is about integrating life using wine as a launchpad.
The next time you order a glass of wine, or enjoying a glass of wine with people, you will be well informed not only about the technical aspects of wine drinking but the spirituality of it as well.
Rating: 5 stars of 5.
This book is provided to me courtesy of William B. Eerdmans and NetGalley in exchange for an honest review. All opinions offered above are mine unless otherwise stated or implied.